Promoting youth engagement in agriculture policy processes
This Policy Training Manual focuses on policy processes around the Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources (FANR) sector in Africa. This is because agriculture is central to Africa’s development. With rapid population growth in Africa in the past two decades, per capita food grain production has been declining resulting in food scarcity coupled with imbalanced diets. A large part of the population has become malnourished. Agriculture in Africa is affected by risks such as climate change, increased market risks, and tightening resource constraints. With the removal of constraints to agricultural development, it is anticipated that Africa’s agricultural output will increase from the current US$ 280 billion per year to as much as US$ 880 billion by the year 2030 (AfDB, 2015). According to a World Bank report: “Growing Africa: Unlocking the Potential of Agribusiness”, Africa’s farmers and agribusinesses could create a trillion-dollar food market by 2030 if they can expand their access to more capital, electricity, better technology and irrigated land to grow high-value nutritious foods (World Bank, 2013).
With climate change and increased climate variability, African farmers need to adopt climate-smart technologies that will provide higher yields, more drought-resilient crops and livestock, including higher incomes and improved food security. With increased technological advancement in the agriculture sector, Africa needs to identify how to create employment for the youth by bringing them into the formal agribusiness economy linked to domestic and foreign markets.