The concept of Climate-Smart Agriculture
Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) seeks to increase sustainable productivity, incomes, strengthen farmers' resilience, reduce agriculture greenhouse gas emissions and increase carbon sequestration. It strengthens food security and delivers environmental benefits. Climate-Smart Agriculture promotes agricultural best practices, particularly integrated crop management, conservation agriculture, intercropping, improved seeds and fertilizer management, improved livestock management, improved grazing land management, agroforestry, as well as supporting increased investment in agricultural research. It is broader than adaptation, and calls for more innovation and pro-activeness in changing the way farming is done in order to adapt and mitigate climate change while sustainably increasing productivity. Climate-Smart Agriculture practices propose the transformation of agricultural policies and agricultural systems to increase food productivity and enhances food and nutrition security while preserving the environment and ensuring resilience to a changing climate.