A New Partnership to Improve Food Security in Southern Africa
The Partnership - World Vision International and the Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN) have launched a joint project to enhance the quality of the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of relief and development programmes in World Vision sites. The pilot phase of the project launched in Mbabane, Swaziland on 29 May 2008, will be implemented in Lesotho, Swaziland and Zimbabwe over a two year period. Implementation of the project will incorporate rural communities and technical experts from World Vision, FANRPAN and national universities.
The Challenge - The task of ensuring food security for the world’s growing population in the face of declining global food resources is daunting and requires efficient and objective relief food programming and targeting that will ensure that the little food available goes where it is needed most. While the role of food aid in responding to the “new emerging face of hunger” is not optional, it is critical to explore medium and long term solutions to make Southern Africa food secure.
The Tool - A statistical index developed by FANRPAN – the Household Assets Vulnerability Assessment (HAVA), previously Househould Vulnerability Index (HVI), introduces an objective basis for beneficiary selection and programme design in both relief and development interventions. The index quantifies vulnerability in households as a result of factors which may be internal, such as human and livelihood assets; and/or external, as a result of HIV/AIDS and other diseases, climate changes, the macro-economy, and others. The HAVA enables the categorisation of vulnerable households into three levels (1) Emergency – needing prolonged welfare support, (2) Acute – those in desperate need of short term welfare and development support and (3) Coping - needing development support. The tool uses a livelihoods approach and enables communities to participate in data collation and analysis. The HAVA was developed with support from the European Union (EU) through the Southern African Development Community (2003 – 6) and field tested with support from the Southern African Trust (2007).
HAVA for Food Aid - The index enables the effective targeting of households thereby ensuring that the little food available goes only to those households that need it most.
HAVA for Development Programming - The index allows for the identification of the source of vulnerability within a household thereby making it possible to come up with intervention programmes that are specific to the identified problems.
HAVA for Policy Analysis and Advocacy - The tool creates opportunities for policy advocacy. World Vision will be able to convert its many years of field-level presence into a robust and dynamic grassroots’ livelihoods database. With appropriate analysis, World Vision will be able to generate and package compelling evidence for policy advocacy. Evidence generated from the pilot sites will be shared at the FANRPAN national multi-stakeholder dialogue platforms, with the synthesis from the three countries shared with senior policy makers through the SADC, COMESA and AU-NEPAD platforms.
HAVA for tracking impact - This HAVA database will provide World Vision with quality baseline and longitudinal data for measuring and tracking the impact of its interventions.
- "The food crisis has already sparked riots in some countries... It is therefore imperative that we develop better and more objective targeting mechanisms that not only help to mitigate conflict but also enable us to be efficient, cost-effective and rational in maximising the impact of food aid programs in the lives of the poor, particularly children"
Vice President, World Vision International
- "Identifying deserving beneficiaries in a community when resources are a constraint requires appropriate tools, partnerships and community participation. FANRPAN appreciates the collaboration with World Vision as a demonstration of smart partnerships"
Chief Executive Officer, FANRPAN
For more information contact:
|Lindiwe Majele Sibanda
Chief Executive Officer
141 Cresswell Street, Weavind Park 0184
Private Bag X813, Silverton 0127
Pretoria, South Africa
Tel: +27 (0) 12 845 9100
Fax: +27 (0) 12 845 9110
World Vision - FPMG
5 Main Ave, Florida 1710
PO Box 2794
Florida 1709, Joburg, SA
Tel: +27 (0) 11 671 1300
Fax: +27 (0)11 472 8968