Policy Brief - December 2009

Effective targeting of interventions is a challenge in development programmes. However, the need to be accountable and demonstrate impact has become critical, and is gradually forcing development practitioners implementing livelihood security programmes to change their operational regimes. Integrating efficient targeting systems makes it possible to effectively monitor and evaluate impact of development programmes. For example, organisations that have been implementing different interventions to reduce or reverse the adverse effects of the HIV and AIDS pandemic regard an efficient targeting system as a prerequisite to enhance the success of these programmes. Past studies have shown that HIV and AIDS in particular, has a broad livelihoods impact. Hence a development programme that integrates all the livelihood dimensions in its targeting is likely to have much greater success in mitigating the impacts of the epidemic. Such a programme would need to know the different dimensions through which the epidemic affects households.