The UNFCCC Process:
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international environmental treaty produced at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED). The objective of the treaty is to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would not be harmful to the environment and human beings.
On 12 June 1992 154 nations signed the UNFCCC, committing those who signed to reduce atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases. These were aimed primarily at industrialized nations. The parties have met annually from 1995 in Conferences of the Parties (COP) to assess progress in dealing with climate change. In 1997 the Kyoto Protocol was concluded and established legally binding obligations for developed countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.