Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN) Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)

FANRPAN Convenes a National Policy Dialogue on CSA in the Democratic Republic of Congo
Faden House; Kinshasa
15 April 2016

Stakeholders attending the CSA national policy dialogue
Stakeholders attending the CSA national policy dialogue

Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) is agriculture that sustainably increases productivity, resilience (adaptation), reduces/removes greenhouse gases (mitigation), and enhances achievement of national food security and development goals. CSA encourages the use of all available and applicable climate change solutions in a pragmatic and impact-focused manner. While resilience is key, CSA is broader and calls for more innovation and pro-activeness in changing the way farming is done in order to adapt and mitigate while sustainably increasing productivity. CSA practices propose the transformation of agricultural policies and agricultural systems to increase food productivity and enhance food security while preserving the environment and ensuring resilience to a changing climate.

The FANRPAN CSA programme currently covers the following countries: Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.The overall objective of the FANRPAN CSA policy programme is to increase agricultural productivity and strengthen the resilience of vulnerable smallholder farmers to the impact of climate change.

With funding from the African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF), FANRPAN engaged the services of national consultants to conduct CSA scoping studies in 16 African Countries (CSA focal countries) including the Democratic Republic of Congo. The studies were concluded in year 2014 and national policy dialogues to validate the studies were done in the same year. A second round of CSA national policy dialogues is in progress.The objectives of the National Policy Dialogues are:

  1. To share the CSA scoping study reports with stakeholders
  2. To review the latest developments in CSA since the scoping study report
  3. To solicit policy recommendations from stakeholders

On the 15 of April 2016, FANRPAN conducted a CSA national policy dialogue in DRC. Mr Charles Mushizi, the node coordinator gave the welcome remarks while a representative from the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock gave the opening remarks. There were presentations on the DRC CSA policy scoping study to provide context for the national policy dialogue. There were two other presentations on CAADP and investments in agriculture to compliment the CSA policy scoping study presentation.

After the presentations, there was a question and answer session where participants aired their views on issues presented. Key issues that were highlighted during the policy dialogue include the following:

  • Water management policies are still not clear
  • Land policies are depriving farmers of land rights instances where they do not have resources to utilise their whole land. Underutilised land belonging to smallholder farmers is sold to farmer/companies with capacities to utilise it.
  • The agriculture budget allocation is low at 3% against the 10% CAADP requirements
  • FANR research institutions are weak due to poor funding, poor infrastructure, poor skills and access to technology

Key recommendations from the national policy dialogue included the following:

  • There is need to have a clear policy framework on sharing of water resources with neighbouring countries
  • There is need to incentivise smallholder farmers when their land is sold due to underutilisation e.g rental payments
  • There is need for government to increase the agriculture budget and meet the CAADP requirements
  • There is need for government to invest more in FANR research

Stakeholder participating in group and plenary discussions

Stakeholder participating in group and plenary discussions

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