|The Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) National Policy Dialogue convened in Tanzania
|29 March 2015, Dar es Salaam
ESRF Conference Hall, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
|29 March 2016
The Food Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN) Tanzania node hosted by the Economic and Social Research Foundation (ESRF) convened a Multi-Stakeholder Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) National Policy Dialogue in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania on the 29 March 2016.
In August 2015, FANRPAN in partnership with the Global Alliance on Climate Smart Agriculture (GACSA), conducted a CSA case study in Tanzania under a broader project on "Perspectives on Climate-Smart Agriculture from Across the Globe: Climate-smart Case Studies". The purpose of the case study was to analyze gaps in the existing CSA policy frameworks and to identify relevant policy options.
About 64 stakeholders who included senior officials of national governments, donor organizations, farmers' organizations, agri-business, development partner agencies and civil society organizations shared their perspectives and experiences on CSA in Tanzania.
Group Pic - GACSA Tanzania CSA National Policy Dialogue Delegates
During the National Policy Dialogue, the Facilitator, Mr Hanif Tuwa, ESRF Consultant did the Welcome, Introductions and Overview of the day, and overall coordination of the program. Dr. Tausi Mbaga Kida, Executive Director, ESRF gave the opening remarks and outlined that, in response to current and projected climate change impacts, Tanzania ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in 1996. The meeting was officiated by Ms S. Natai on behalf of the Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, Dr. Florens Turuka. In his speech, Dr. Turuka stated that, although CSA practices have been well received in Tanzania, Local Government Authorities are yet to incorporate the same in their District Agriculture Development Programs. He also acknowledged that one of the main challenges facing CSA adoption and scale-up is the fact that related costs and benefits are not well known, its practices are a low priority in agriculture investment plans. Ms S. Natai then presented on the Tanzania CSA Strategy and mainly described the CSA interventions, programmatic areas, projected impacts, challenges and opportunities for further implementation.
ESRF Director dr. Tausi Mbaga Kida
Karl Deering, Climate Change Regional Coordinator for Africa, CARE International and Abdallah Hassan, Information Officer, ESRF also made presentations on CSA. Karl's presentations captured the role of ACSAA in CSA interventions across African and in Tanzania. His presentation further pointed out how climate change affects different gender groups and the importance of CSA interventions to include gender and power analysis as a mandatory operational and design feature of projects or programmes aspiring to be climate smart. Mr. Hassan's presentation was on Climate Smart Farming: The Case of Poverty Environment Initiative (PEI), Tanzania, which outlined key on-going initiatives such as hydroponic system, aquaponic system, Azolla (animal feeds), and Bio-gas. After stating the pros and cons of each initiative, he concluded by expressing that it is essential to ensure investments are sufficient for the transition to CSA.
Mr Njongenhle Nyoni, a Natural Resources and Environment (NRE) Research Assistant at FANRPAN, presented on the "Perceptions on CSA from Across the Globe: Climate-smart Case Studies". His presentation outlined CSA interventions in Taznania, challenges faced and opportunities for scaling up initiatives. This was followed by breakaway group discussions. The participants were divided into three groups: Group A discussed on CSA interventions that exist in Tanzania; Group B tackled the projected impacts of the CSA interventions; and, Group C focused on the challenges and opportunities for further implementation of CSA. Each Group then presented their insightful contributions on PowerPoint.
Mr. Tuwa summarized the dialogue by pointing out key insights from the four presentations and three group discussions. He highlighted crucial achievements with regards to CSA in Tanzania including robust policies, mitigation benefits and the number of CSA institutions. He also pointed out the challenges facing CSA initiatives including lack of awareness, inputs' costs and reduced priority by the ministry
The Policy Dialogue enhanced understanding of the role of CSA in adaptation to and mitigation of climate risks. Several policy recommendations were noted from stakeholders for inclusion in the CSA case study report and Policy Brief.
For more information on this national policy dialogue or the case study work, contact CSA-PLUS@fanrpan.org