Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN) Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)

Innovative Application of ICTs in Addressing Water-related Impacts of Climate Change
11 October 2012

Among many vulnerabilities that are intensified by the effects of climate change, the availability and management of water resources constitute one of the most critical areas of concern for nations in Africa, Asia and Latin America. From the provision of basic services and sanitation, to irrigation and food production, ecosystems protection and hydropower generation, water resources are not only crucial for socio-economic development but also a fundamental dimension of climate change adaptation. Information and communication technologies (ICTs) not only help advance weather forecasting and climate monitoring, but are also essential in disseminating information to large audiences, for example via portals and mobile phones. This can help address major adaptation challenges, such as food and water shortages through providing early warning systems and better monitoring of soil conditions and water quality. In addition, ICTs could be used to inform decisions and to coordinate efforts during climate change events, and to strengthen social networks, inclusiveness, and processes of learning and self-organization. This could lead to new strategies and innovative policy approaches in the climate change field, especially with respect to the management of water resources.

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