Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN) Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)

Angola: Water and Sanitation Profile
US Agency for International Development (USAID)

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Sector overview

Angola has the highest rate of diarrheal disease in the world with 114 years of life lost to diarrheal diseases for every 1,000 Angolans. Contaminated water, inadequate storm water drainage, and lack of even minimal sanitation facilities have resulted in high, and steadily increasing, rates of water and excreta-related diseases. Angola’s water supply and sanitation (WSS) sector has until recently remained the least developed in Africa due to four decades of persistent civil conflict. For example, some of the worst sanitation in Angola can be found in its capital, Luanda, as well as in the hillside refugee camps surounding the city where more than a million internally displaced persons still reside.

The sprawling growth of peri-urban populations continues to put stress on already feeble WSS infrastructure, which is probably not captured by statistics on urban and rural access to improved water sources or sanitation. Although Angola is on track to meet MDG targets for water supply, it is unlikely to meet targets in the rural sanitation sub-sector by 2015. Nevertheless, the Angolan government has committed to implementing an aggressive capital investment program to expand and rehabilitate WSS infrastructure as well as implement much needed institutional reforms.

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