Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN) Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)

Madagascar Food Security Programming Framework
September 2008

Acknowledgements: FANRPAN acknowledges United States Agency for International Development (USAID) as the source of this article:

Executive Summary

This document updates the information contained in Food Security in Madagascar: A Situation Analysis (Bergeron 2002). In addition, the purpose of the Madagascar Food Security Programming Framework (FSPF) is to support the effective and integrated programming of PL-480 Title II (T-II) resources to reduce vulnerability to food insecurity in Madagascar. As the current set of T-II Development Activity Plans close and private voluntary organizations prepare to submit new Multi-Year Assistance Program (MYAP) proposals, the FSPF establishes USAID/Madagascar’s priorities with regard to reducing vulnerability to food insecurity; discusses the role of T-II MYAPs in the context of other USAID/Madagascar programs and lays a foundation for further discussions with stakeholders about the geographic and programmatic content of future T-II programs in the country.

In addition to the imminent preparation of a set of new MYAPs, recent policy and strategy changes by the governments of Madagascar (GOM) and the United States (USG) make the development of a food security programming framework desirable. In 2007, the GOM launched the Madagascar Action Plan 2007-2012 to articulate its commitment to, and provide an overall framework for, all stakeholders, including USAID, for the sustainable development of Madagascar. Similarly, the USG Office of Food for Peace released a 2006–2010 Strategic Plan shifts the focus of MYAPs toward reducing vulnerability to food insecurity. Finally, USAID/Madagascar has recently prepared a Strategy Statement for the period 2006–2011. The FSPF takes into consideration these policy directions and stresses the potential for collaboration among USG, other international donors and national programs in Madagascar in achieving food security objectives.

Food insecurity in Madagascar is affected by multiple factors. The severe climatic shocks (cyclones, droughts, etc.) that routinely affect the island - and which have been steadily increasing in frequency and severity over the last decade due, perhaps, to climate change-are compounded by natural resource degradation, and more recently, by rising food prices and currency depreciation. At the same time, Madagascar’s population is growing faster than its ability to produce food. It is expected that the domestic food deficit will reach 66 percent of total needs by the year 2017.

In consideration of the vulnerability of millions of Malagasy people as they cope with a declining resource base and poverty coupled with the risk of disasters, USAID/Madagascar has identified the following priorities for the next set of T-II MYAPs:
  • Improve livelihood capacities
  • Rehabilitate and manage natural resources
  • Rehabilitate and manage infrastructure
  • Address barriers to nutrition and causes of poor health
Title II programs should target the regions and districts that show the highest rates of food insecurity (based on stunting and poverty measures) and/or that present the highest vulnerability to shocks that will lower their resilience to food insecurity, and co-locate with other USAID-funded interventions to augment the impact of both the T-II and the other activities.

The methods used and persons consulted in preparing this framework are listed in Annex 1.


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