Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN) Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)

Qualitative Assessment of USAID/OFDA Small Scale Irrigation Programs: Zambia Treadle Pumps 2003-2006
Final Report
February 2008
Amy Sullivan
Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)


CLUSA and Washington State University (WSU) received OFDA funding to implement a small-scale irrigation program in the Southern Province of Zambia over the 2003 dry season. The overall goal of the program was to improve short and longterm food security and nutrition amongst vulnerable households in the target areas. This program became known as the Food Security Program (FSP). The original program was scheduled for May 2003 through March 2004 and a three month no-cost extension was given through June of that year.

CLUSA had previous experience in agricultural development and familiarity with the project area. It partnered with a local NGO, Total Land Care (TLC) and International Development Enterprises (IDE), and used their combined expertise to identify and select prospective participants in the target area, train them in aspects of treadle pump irrigated crop production; distribute treadle pumps and other crop inputs; monitor ongoing activities and provide follow up. Their year-long efforts reached over 300 beneficiary households.

In response to severe nation-wide drought-induced food insecurity in 2000/2001, the government of Zambia led a collaborative effort to create an emergency livelihood recovery and nutrition program. This collaborative effort led to the development of the Consortium for Southern Africa Food Emergency (C-SAFE). C-SAFE sought to improve nutrition in targeted households and communities while maintaining or improving their asset base for longer term livelihood security. The main consortium brought together a number of NGOs involved in livelihood development and/or nutrition activities; these were CARE, World Vision (WV), Catholic Relief Services (CRS) and Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA).

In response to drought-induced food shortages in 2005, the government of Zambia declared a national food emergency in October of that year. OFDA used this as a trigger to contribute approximately $1 million to C-SAFE, mainly for water harvesting, nutrition and livestock activities. C-SAFE undertook these activities in collaboration with Land O Lakes, IDE, CLUSA, and other stakeholders. Under CARE’s leadership of the initiative, CLUSA and IDE delivered over 300 treadle pumps within the target area from December 2005 through August 2006. In line with C-SAFE’s membership and expertise, their efforts targeted households and communities with malnourished children, women, chronically ill persons, and orphans and vulnerable children.

Quantitative impact assessment of the CLUSA FSP program in Zambia has been done by a survey data team since this report was prepared (Simfukwe et al., 2008).

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