This CAADP Report for the 3rd quarter of 2007 (July - September) is being presented against the backdrop of positive news, in general, on Africa's economic performance, and in particular in the agriculture sector. Africa is experiencing remarkable economic growth over the last 10 years at an average annual rate of 5%. Available data also demonstrates that there has been a steady increase in the levels of per capita food production over the same period. The numbers of countries that have achieved the CAADP growth target of 6% has doubled since 2003. About a dozen countries grew at annual rates of 5% or more between 2003 and 2005, which is very close to the targeted CAADP goal of 6%. At least nine countries achieved or exceeded that target: Angola, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Burkina Faso, Congo Rep, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Nigeria, and Senegal. Other countries, including Rwanda, Benin, Ghana, and Uganda, were close to the 6% mark. Overally, the number of countries that have reached or exceeded the 6% CAADP growth target for agriculture has gone up from 5 to 11 since 2003.
These positive trends are clearly a welcome development to NEPAD and the CAADP agenda, which is undoubtedly beginning to provide additional impetus in accelerating agriculture growth in Africa.
Governance and institutional arrangements for supporting the CAADP implementation: During the period under review, the AUC, NEPAD Secretariat and the RECs moved further in streamlining and strengthening the relationships and interactions/collaborations among the core African Union (AU) institutions, namely the AU Commission, the NEPAD Secretariat and the Regional Economic Communities (RECs). The AUC-NEPAD-RECs meeting that took place in Addis Ababa from the 26th to 27th September 2007 is a milestone in consolidating a coherent thrust in delivering on the CAADP implementation, especially with regard to providing relevant coordination and facilitatory support to the country level CAADP roundtables and implementation processes. The meeting made key progress in delineating core responsibilities for the three institutions (AUC, NEPAD and RECs) within an overall framework for joint and collective commitment and responsibility in stimulating, facilitating and coordinating CAADP implementation at country and regional levels.
Alignment of development partners in supporting the CAADP Agenda: The quarter also recorded growing interest among the development partners at both bilateral and multilateral levels to embrace the CAADP agenda as Africa's key framework in pursuing the agriculture and rural development agenda. This interest includes expressed commitment by AGRA (See AGRA 2007 Conference, Oslo, Norway) to set up a trust fund in support of agriculture in Africa. World Bank is also pursuing a multilateral Trust Fund to specially support the operationalisation and implementation of the CAADP agenda. This was one of the key outputs of the CAADP Partnership Platform Meeting (28-29th Sept. 2007, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia). The Meeting underlined joint African and Development Partners' commitments to (i) fast track technical and financial support to identified CAADP interventions and signed compacts at REC and country levels, (ii) implementation of specific CAADP pillar interventions, (iii) facilitate/support dialogue around review processes to track progress in implementation and fulfilling of commitments by all involved. NEPAD Secretariat will, in the next Quarter, continue to engage the concerned institutions in accelerating the setting up and operationalisation of the proposed Trust Fund.
Key processes/documents, which have come to light during the review period on the part of the development partners outlining growing support to agriculture and CAADP, include:
World Bank Development Report expected to be formally launched in October 2007
EC paper on Advancing African Agriculture
DfID supported Research-Into-Use Programme & the African Enterprise Challenge Fund, and
the US Initiative to End Hunger in Africa
Development of the CAADP Pillar Frameworks and engagement into the country roundtable processes (Pillars 1, 2 and 3): Special effort was also, in the period under review, dedicated to development of the CAADP Pillar frameworks.
Pillar 1 has consolidated the main Sustainable Land Management (SLM) framework developed within the NEPAD-TerrAfrica process with FAO technical leadership. Two lead institutions, namely CILSS, based in Ouagadougou and the University of Zambia, Lusaka, have been identified as technical leaders in consolidating and validating the CAADP Pillar 1 framework. This process, expected to get into full implementation in the next quarter also involves integrating and strengthening the Water components into the SLM framework. With support from World Bank, NEPAD is expected to engage a Specialist to support the SLM unit on this aspect.
Pillar 2: The Conference of Ministers of Agriculture of West and Central Africa (CMAWCA) has taken leadership and during the review period collaborated with NEPAD on stakeholder consultations in the development of the Pillar 2 framework.
Pillar 3: NEPAD, in liaison with the African Center for Food Security (ACFS) of University of KwaZulu Natal engaged stakeholders on validation of the Pillar framework with the process expected to be finalized in the coming Quarter.
Support to and through the RECs on the country CAADP roundtables: With special attention and focus on accelerating the country CAADP roundtables processes, NEPAD Secretariat continued in its facilitatory, technical backstopping and brokering roles. Specifically Nigeria, Uganda, Ethiopia and Malawi were engaged during the period.
Strengthening of the NEPAD Secretariat's roles and responsibilities in the SLM NEPAD-TerrAfrica agenda: The TerrAfrica Executive Committee meeting (9th Sept 2007) endorsed a plan to strengthen the NEPAD Secretariat in taking over from World Bank the overall functions of coordinating the activities of the TerrAfrica partnership. This is being pursued as part of the core functions of CAADP within the Pillar 1 agenda.
In terms of assessing the overall cumulative trends and impact of the Unit's contributions to the Agricultural Agenda, in general, and on the CAADP implementation process, the following is noted:
Leadership and ownership of CAADP by lead regional economic communities (RECs) and their member states: Lead RECs have taken ownership and leadership of the CAADP agenda and are spearheading the implementation processes in their member states. A growing number of their member states are engaging and adapting the CAADP framework into their own strategies and efforts to address real socio-economic growth with sustainable impact on poverty reduction and food and nutrition security. The review period recorded marked support to countries on aspects such as stocktaking, analytical and diagnostic studies.
At the close of the review period, more than a dozen countries were reported to be formally pursuing the CAADP round table process. Three of these, under COMESA, are expected to sign their CAADP Compact during the next Quarter. The RECs also received support in backstopping the country processes from the Regional Strategy Analysis and Knowledge Support Systems (ReSAKSS) especially on monitoring and evaluation (M&E) and information/knowledge management and diagnostic analysis.
The NEPAD Agriculture Unit has pursued engagement with the private sector through the (i) work on development of the Pillar 2 framework and (ii) mobilization of investment resources through aspects such as public-private partnerships and business-to-business alliances.