Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN) Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)

Issues in poverty reduction and natural resource management
October 2006
Chemonics International/USAID

Acknowledgements: FANRPAN acknowledges the DEC website as the source of this report:


Poverty is a global problem that affects citizens around the world. About 1.1 billion people earn less that one dollar per day, and they face daily risks and hardships that determine their very survival. The development community, including government agencies, banks, and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), seeks to improve the livelihoods of impoverished citizens through poverty reduction strategies that address the root causes of poverty and its crippling effect on people trapped in adverse situations. But after years of implementing programs to solve these issues, poverty remains a multi-dimensional problem with many faces.

Issues in Poverty Reduction and Natural Resource Management defines the links between poverty reduction and natural resources. About three in four poor people live in rural areas, where they depend on natural resources for their livelihoods, and about 90 percent of them depend on forests for at least some part of their income. This report explores the connection between poverty reduction and natural resources management (NRM)—it describes how the world’s poorest citizens depend on forests, fisheries, water, land, and other natural resources for their livelihoods; examines the governance, economic, and social factors that determine this vital relationship; and shows how wise use of these resources can serve as the basis for effective poverty reduction strategies. The report also examines the relationships among resource management—or mismanagement—and global trade, human migrations, and regional conflicts.

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