Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN) Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)

Mozambique releases new National Human Development Report 2005
22 September 2006

Maputo – "Before It Is Too Late" is the theme under which the Mozambique Broadcasting Corporation Auditorium will be hosting the public launch of the National Human Development Report 2005 in Maputo tomorrow.

Entitled Human Development Report to 2015: Reaching for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the present Mozambique’s National Human Development Report 2005, the fifth since 1997, captures the relevance of the MDGs and their close connection with national development strategies. At the same time, it reflects the challenges that the country is confronted with in meeting the development priorities internationally agreed at the Millennium Summit in 2000.

Human development is defined as a process of expanding the choices of people and the constant improvement of their wellbeing. These are usually reflected in a long and healthy life; acquisition of knowledge and access to the required resources for adequate standard of living.

In this regard, the report notes that the incidence of absolute poverty in Mozambique reduced by 15.3 per cent, from 69 per cent in 1996/97 to 54 per cent in 2002/03. The country recorded a markedly positive macro-economic performance from 1996 to 2004 with an average growth rate of 8.5 per cent per year.

Despite these sound achievements, the document recommends among others the following key interventions to keep the country on track to reach the Millennium Development Goals:

  • A balance between macroeconomic stability and sustainable broad-based, sharp and economic growth which has occurred in recent years;
  • A rethink of the agricultural development strategy in distribution of the state budget, taking into account agriculture’s importance in the economy and nutrition for the majority of Mozambicans;
  • Higher investments in inter-sectoral responses to major endemic diseases, including HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis, especially with the determinant involvement of the community, while focusing on key areas such as agriculture, education, water and sanitation.
  • Encouragement of partnerships between government, development partners and civil society, including the private sector, that shall maximize the potential for complementarities and synergies.
The launching ceremony of this UNDP flagship product is organized by the Mozambican Superior Institute for International Relations (ISRI) and the Southern African Documentation and Research Center (SARDC), in collaboration with the National Statistics Institute (INE). The publication is made possible through the methodological and financial support of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

A copy of the National Human Development Report has already been handed to His Excellency President Armando Guebuza by the UNDP Resident Representative and UN Resident Coordinator, Mr. Ndolamb Ngokwey.

This year’s report is titled "Human Development until 2015: Achieving the Millennium Development Goals."

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