Gender power dynamics and constraints relating to women’s empowerment may affect women’s decision-making in intra-household resource allocation activities related to dietary intake. Efforts are underway to evaluate the role of gender empowerment in pathways from agriculture production to maternal and child nutrition. Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI) has been associated with maternal, child and household diet diversity in studies, but is not extensively validated.
We evaluate the associations of women’s empowerment (with selected modules from WEAI) with dietary diversity in women aged 15-49 years in a baseline study of the Agriculture to Nutrition (ATONU) project in Ethiopia. This is a cluster randomized trial of interventions for small-scale chicken production, home gardening and behavior change communication.