Agriculture to Nutrition (ATONU): Improving Nutrition Outcomes through Optimized Agricultural Investments Social and Environmental Sustainability Strategy

Problems of malnutrition – under-nutrition, micronutrient deficiencies and obesity – exist in all countries and cut across socio-economic classes1. In the poorest countries, under-nutrition and micronutrient deficiencies are by far the greatest problem. The World Health Organisation of the United Nations (WHO)
estimates that 167 million children under five years of age in developing countries are chronically malnourished2. The social and natural environment surrounding malnutrition is also changing. Emerging and not yet fully understood challenges are leading to the transformation of food and agricultural systems
and raising questions about how to meet the world’s food and nutrition needs in sustainable ways. These challenges include globalization, climate change, environmental sustainability and rapid technological shifts and scientific advances. Urbanization in developing countries is having a profound impact on livelihoods and patterns of food acquisition and consumption. By 2020, half the population of Asia will live in urban areas. The same will be true of Africa by 2035. Most of this growth will occur in the smaller cities and market towns of developing countries, many of which are highly dependent on the agricultural
economy of the surrounding rural areas