By Fidelis Zvomuya in Lima, Peru
Lima, 5 December 2014 – The first developing country mitigation measures report has been submitted by Namibia.
The report, called ‘biennial update report’ (BUR) provides a summary of Namibia’s actions to implement the Convention, including actions taken to mitigate climate change, as well as their effects. It also includes information on greenhouse gas emissions. Additionally, the report spells out financial, technological and capacity-building needs and support received.
Biennial update reports are an integral step towards the implementation of the framework for developing countries’ measurement, reporting and verification to enhance the transparency of of mitigation actions, their effects and the support received.
Namibia is the first developing country to submit a BUR. Further BURs are expected soon in line with agreed timelines, which is the result of a mandate from the UN Climate Change Conference held in Cancun in 2011.
This is clear testimony to the fact that developing countries are acting to mitigate climate change and are transparently contributing to fully implementing the climate change convention. It is also clear testimony to increasing cooperation among nations.
Namibia is one of the biggest and driest countries in sub-Saharan Africa, and is characterised by high climatic variability in the form of persistent droughts, unpredictable and variable rainfall patterns, variability in temperatures and scarcity of water.
Rainfall ranges from an average of 25 mm in the west to over 600 mm in the northeast. The climate of Namibia is a consequence of the country’s location on the south-western side of the African continent, situated at the interface between different climate systems.
According to Uahekua Herunga Namibia’s Minister of Environment and Tourism, the country’s development is guided by its long term vision, Vision 2030, with the main objective of achieving a prosperous and industrialised country, developed by its human resources, enjoying peace, harmony and political stability.
“We ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 1995 as a Non-Annex I Party, and as such, we obliged to submit information in accordance with Article 4, paragraph 1 of the Convention. Among these: (a) a national inventory of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of all greenhouse gases (GHG) not controlled by the Montreal Protocol, using comparable methodologies; (b) a general description of steps taken or envisaged to implement the Convention and (c) any other information relevant to the achievement of the objective of the Convention,” he said.