|FANRPAN Hosts a two day workshop to validate the PHM and CSA Policy Scoping studies in Mozambique
|19 May 2014 - 21 May 2014
FANRPAN Hosts a two day workshop to validate the PHM and CSA Policy Scoping studies in Mozambique
Date: May 19-21, 2014
Participants of the validation workshop pause for a group photo
A two-day PHM and CSA study validation workshop took place in Maputo from May 20-21, 2014. The validation workshop has four key purposes: (1) to share and validate the draft PHM policy study evaluation report with FANRPAN, AFAAS, HSI and relevant in country stakeholders; (2) to share and validate the draft CSA scoping study report with local stakeholders; (3) to incorporate inputs from stakeholders including FANRPAN, AFAAS and HSI; and (4) to identify key themes, gaps and recommendations for PHM and CSA policies.
Professor Firmino Mucavele, head of the FANRPAN Mozambique node, welcomed the delegates, and provided an historical background on how FANRPAN was established. Professor Mucavele also discussed various initiatives within which the FANRPAN Mozambique node has been involved and then summarized various outcomes that emerged from those initiatives.
A presentation by Dr Bellah Mpofu of FANRPAN, PHM program manager, provided the participants with background information on the FANRPAN origins, vision, mission and structure. She closed her presentation by describing the PHM project and the objectives of the PHM and CSA validation workshop. Remarks from the Permanent Secretary of the Mozambique Ministry of Agriculture stressed the importance of reducing postharvest losses in the fight against poverty through increased agricultural production and productivity.
Postharvest management: policy review in Mozambique
Two presentations were made on this topic: the first one on May 20 and the second one on May 21. Both presentations were made by Dr Lucas Tivana, the team leader of the group of consultants who carried out the study on this topic. The methodological approach used by this group consisted in reviewing various national and regional policies documents dealing with issues related to PHM and interviewed PHM stakeholders. The main policy documents reviewed by the group of consultants are the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP) of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) and Strategic Program for Agricultural Sector Development (PEDSA) of the Mozambique Ministry of Agriculture. Key findings and lessons that emerged from the two presentations include:
Climate smart agriculture policies in Mozambique
A presentation of the CSA scoping study report by Professor Firmino Mucavele emphasized that Mozambique is lacking a national policy addressing specifically issues related to climate change. This presentation also stressed that various strategic policy documents are not harmonized because different ministries work independently, while issues related to climate change are part of mandates of various ministries.
Recommendations from plenary discussions
After all three presentations (two on PHM and one on CSA), there were plenary discussions. In the second day of the validation workshop, there were group presentations related to PHM and CSA studies. Lessons and recommendations that came up from the plenary discussions and group presentations include:
- The need to create a national PHM working group with representation from various institutions, but with leadership from the National Directorate of Agricultural Extension (DNEA) under the Ministry of Agriculture. Active participation of members was stressed as one of the key ingredients for effectiveness of the working group
- Mozambique needs to design standalone strategic policy documents that deal separately with issues related to PHM and CSA;
- These policy documents should take into consideration community-based approaches to reduce postharvest losses and to mitigate the negative effects of climate change;
- Mozambique needs to learn from other countries’ experiences when designing its own policies;
- National strategic policy documents designed by individual ministries should be aligned with one another and with regional policy recommendations;
- Participants pointed out that factors that drive adoption of PHM technologies are not well understood;
- This suggests that studies on this area should be undertaken to draw evidence-based strategies to improve adoption of PHM technologies;
- Participants indicated that there are conflicting estimates of the level of postharvest losses;
- Participants questioned the methodological approaches used to come up with the estimates and called for development of a consistent methodological approach to measure postharvest loss in the country;
- The role of gender in both PHM and CSA should be given more attention;
- Researchers studying issues related to PHM and CSA should increase the involvement of smallholder farmers in their research;
- Participants called for a more detailed analysis of government spending on PHM;
- This would allow that resources are directed to activities to higher returns: prioritization of activities;
- This would also provide some indication of government commitment to reducing postharvest losses;
- The following PHM champions were identified: Helvetas, Aga Khan, FAO, GTZ, Instituto de Cereais de Moçambique (ICM), Bolsa de mercadorias de produtos agrícolas, Uniao Nacional dos Camponeses (UNAC);
- The following CSA champions were identified: Associacao das mulheres rurais, grupo temático de recursos naturais e ambiente (AMA), Associacao do meio ambiente, Parque nacional das Quirimbas, Gestão comunitária de recursos naturais (GECORENA),
- Professor Firmino Mucavele, Jorge Tembe, União Nacional dos Camponeses (UNAC), União provincial dos camponeses (UPC);
- These champions (PHM and CSA) need to share their experiences to take advantage of synergies, harmonizing and coordinating their individual efforts (the whole is greater than the sum of parts);